Resources of Lithuanian Mythology

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This page provides the set of links to pages of ancient Lithuanian mythology and religion. The page illustrated with images of a distaff decorated with symbols of the cosmological meaning. A form will be provided soon to add your own links. Let's go back soon and enjoy it!

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New! Lithuanian Ethnic Church Romuva of the USA official home page
May God Dievas help! May Goddess Laima bless!

Romuva celebrates the Ethnic or Old Religion of the Lithuanians. This religion has very ancient roots and many international links. It was the national and state religion of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania until 1387. It is very closely kindred to Lat vian Ethnic Religion known as Dievturi (which means "Bearing God Dievas"). It is also similarly related to the religion of the Old Prussians, and other Baltic peoples. Distaff with cosmological symbols

New! The Baltic Tradition - Romuva. Winter and Summer Solstices, The day of Dead (Velines)
The Baltic traditions took shape in a vast territory, encompassing the southeastern shores of the Baltic sea and huge forest, lake and river areas, which today are divided into Baltic and Slavic lands. This division which was mainly initiated by the world,s new religions and its plundering politics, even now is creating confusion and hampers this area,s solidarity. Many residents of this land, not withstanding the many different nationalities, all have same world outlook , moral and esthetic values, the richest folklore and a continuance in various forms their ancient , native religion.

Our ancestors lived long centuries in this land, struggled for their existence, sought to understand and give meaning to the world around them. Until historical and written times they had already created their most significant cultural objects - language, world outlook, accumulated art and other things. Not everything survived, many cultural and home life objects vanished, all this was due to constraining and undermining forces. Aggressive religious and political forces tried to conquer nations and to thrust upon them their own life styles, even their own outlook on life. Language and religion were most sensitive to these constraints and forces. Having lost these spiritual, cultural feelings, the nation or ethnic community would loose its identity and become a different community of impoverished people. Yet in the thirteenth century, the leader of pagan Lithuania, Gediminas, proclaimed that every nation has rights to its own distinctive perception of the world and respect. Vilnius was a city of diverse religions, and Lithuania was a multinational nation, everyone lived in harmony and agreement. This sensible way of life, unfortunately was not able to hold out against fierce and aggressive conditions of that time.

The Cosmology of the Ancient Balts
Lithuania was the last European country to accept Christianity. Lithuanians gave reverence to nature, personifying it into several deities. Paramount to all was Dievas (God), who eventually became equated with the Christian god. Beneath him was Perkunas (Thunderer), the god of Thunder and Justice. There was Saule (Sun), the Sun Goddess, Menulis (the Moon) and Zemyna (the Earth's deity).

The site reviews the outlook of ancient Balts on the structure and origin of the world as reconstructed from the archaeological excavations, folklore, mythology, linguistics and chronicles. Conclusion is drawn that 4-5 thousand years ago the ancestors of the modern Baltic nations (Lithuanians and Latvians) had developed views on the relations between man and natural forces, on the origin of the world and its construction, based on religious and mythological notions. Later on, this cosmological interest developed into astronomical observations, finding the regularity of celestial phenomena, and calendar management.

Neopaganism in Center-Eastern Europe
History of Lithuanian Paganism, the summer solstice. Much of interesting information!

New! Marija Gimutas: 1921 - 1994: Grandmother of a Movement

Marija (pronounced "Maria") Gimbutas, who died in 1994 at the age of 73. Gimbutas literally escaped the advancing Soviet front in her homeland in Lithuania in 1944 with, as her biographer Joan Marler tells us, "her dissertation under one arm and Danute [her infant son] in the other." In that dissertation were the seeds of Gimbutas's later work, synthesizing archeology, mythology, and linguistics in a reconstruction of ancient Europe that challenges assumptions about the origins of human society.

Healing through the zodiac with the bach flower remedies
History of Baltic Gods (Dievs, Dievai). Excerpt from the "Baltic Religion" article of the Encyclopedia Britannica

The Baltic words Latvian dievs, Lithuanian dievas, and Old Prussian deivas are etymologically related to the Indo-European deiuos; among others, the Greek Zeus is derived from the same root...

The summer solstice in Baltic states

Ancient Lithuanian Mythology and Religion - Abstract from Prane Dunduliene's book Ancient Lithuanian Mythology and Religion.
The tribes of the Aestii creted their religion jointly throughout millennia.

The Lithuanian pagan faith and mythology, as well as the ritual connected with them, are among the oldest phenomena of human spiritual creation. Religious and mythic imagery permeated all the spheres of society life that was based on hunting and gathering already during the period of the early tribal system which comprised the Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic. Distaff with cosmological symbols

Lithuanian page of mythology

Lithuanian culture site

Art's Lithuania, Sacral Arts in Lithuania, Lithuanian Museums

How far ago we are speaking Lithuanian?

Lithuanian myth of World creation

Lithuania (Lieteva/Lietuva) - Brief history, male/female first names/surnames, rulers, names of Gods/Goddesses.

When deers felt from heaven - the study of old song

Egle, the Queen of Serpents - the Marija's translation of famous Lithuanian tale "Egle, Zalciu karaliene".

In another time, long ago lived an old man and his wife. Both of them had twelve sons and three daughters. The youngest being named Egle. On a warm summer evening all three girls decided to go swimming. After splashing about with each other and bathing they climbed onto the riverbank to dress and groom their hair. But the youngest, Egle, only stared for a serpent had slithered into the sleeve of her blouse. What was she to do? The eldest girl grabbed Egleís blouse. She threw the blouse down and jumped on it, anything to get rid of the serpent. But the serpent turned to the youngest, Egle, and spoke to her in a manís voice:
-Egle, promise to become my bride and I will gladly come out.

New! Cthonic and Indo-European Elements

What is Lithuanian Paganism Like today?
Lithuanian paganism seeks harmony, called Darna. First, darna aspires towards inner harmony: people at peace with themselves. Second, it endeavors towards harmony at home and in community. Third, it pursues harmony with the ancestors. Finally, it quests harmony with the universe, with life and with the divinities.

Lithuanian paganism differs from American Neo-paganism. Superficially, both dearly adhere to ages-old traditions, which are not set in stone. Lithuanian pagans adapt their traditions to their circumstances. They learn songs, practices, and the elements of ritual.

The Old Man and the Devil: Lithuanian Tale

Dainos (ancient Baltic hymns) and prayers

Pagan Lithuanian Folk Beliefs

By the time the Thirteen Colonies were fighting, their war of independence from Great Britain, Lithuania had been a considerable force in Eastern European history and politics for over 400 years. The Grand Duke Mindaugas established the first Lithuanian State in 1230, in response to the growing threat that was presented by the presence of ever increasingly proselytising Germanic Teutonic and Livonian Christian military orders. In 1252, Mindaugas accepted Christianity, so that he could be crowned king; he was the first and only king of Lithuania.

The ethymology of word 'Dievas' (God)

Lithuania: Iron Crosses


Lithuania, on the shore of the Baltic Sea, has had a very intriguing role in European development, in various ways: militarily, economically, politically and religiously. It was the last country to accept Christianity, in 1387, as part of the marriage agreement between Grand Duke Jogaila and Jadwiga, Queen of Poland. The new faith lived in conjunction with the old nature-based beliefs; and well into the twentieth century in certain regions.

Modern Lithuanians are an unusual amalgam of Catholicism and a fierce pride in their pagan past. Many will proudly state that Grand Duke Jogaila and his cousin Grand Duke Vytautas the Great defeated Crusading Teutonic Order.

New! The Oak Grove

In ancient Lithuanian mythology, Perkunas was the God of Thunder.

As such, a stand of oak trees (known as a grove) was considered sacred to Perkunas. Join with us in an exploration of many things interesting to at me, at least. Take a spin on the Turntable of Doom and see what lies ahead for you today!

Mythological Stories: The page includes Lithuanian 'Myth of Lost Love and Myth of Amberella' (Jurate ir Kastytis).

Perkunas, God of Thunder, was the father God. The fairest goddess was Jurate, a mermaid who lived in an amber palace in the Baltic. Kastytis, a courageous fisherman living along the coast near the mouth of the Sventoji River. Kastytis would cast his nets to catch fish from Jurate's kingdom. The goddess sent her mermaids to warn him to stop fishing in her domain. He did not stop. After the mermaids failed, Jurate went to demand he stop. When she saw how handsome and courageous he was she fell in love with him and brought him to her amber palace.

Sacred Serpent, An E-zine of the Baltic Traditions, Romuva/Canada

Sacred Serpent is named after the zaltys or zalgtis: a revered grass snake, indigenous to the Baltic lands of East Prussia, Latvia and Lithuania. Zaltys is known as the sentinel or messenger of the ancient Baltic deities and plays a significant role in the mythology and lore of the region.

Sacred Serpent serves to explore the culture of the Baltic region and its old beliefs. This e-zine also serves as a voice for ROMUVA, the Indigenous Lithuanian Religion.

The Myths Behind The History
A Lithuanian Folk Tale

New! Understanding Baltic Religion

The interpretation of the ancient Baltic religion, as well as its Prussian, Latvian, and Lithuanian successors, presents four fundamental theoretical problems. First, as with the ancient Germanic religion, the Indo-European tripartite division of sovereign, warrior, and agrarian functions remains in dispute. Focusing especially on the sovereign function and in part on the warrior function, scholarship has neglected other aspects o f the comprehensive Dumezilian theory. Furthermore, scholarship has not yet reached any likeness of a consensus on the sovereign and warrior functions.

Second, Gimbutas' analysis of Old European civilization, by placing special emphasis on Lithuanian and Latvian religion, induces the desire to distinguish Indo-European elements from Old European ones. Such a differentiation, indeed, enables a more complete and careful analysis of Baltic mythology. Unfortunately, few scholars have applied Gimbutas' theory in their work.

New! The Legend of the Iron Wolf. How Gediminas established Vilnius city.

Around the year 1323, Gediminas, the Ruler and Grand Duke of Lithuania was hunting with the nobles of his court. Among his retinue were servants and beaters with large packs of hounds. The great forest was disturbed by the uncommon activity. All the animals, great and small reacting to the terrifying clamor invading the tranquil serenity of their province, and in mortal fear, scurried into the thicket.

The symbol of a cross in Lithuanian poetry

New! Lithuanian Charms

Leave, cursed slug, from man,
Because you have already dirtied him,
Now that you live in him,
You are the cause of great pain.

Crests & Sacral Arts

Researching Traditional Culture: Lithuanian Folk Culture Center

The Formation of the Baltic Tribes

Around 3000-2500 BC, aggressive Indo-European tribes from the south began invading Lithuania's territory. They brought with them patrilineal culture, a patriarchal three-tiered social structure, animal husbandry and male deities. This was called the Corded Ware (or Boat-Axe) culture because of the ceramics decorated with rope impressions it left behind.

Let's Examine other mythological, pagan and religious pages:
New! Freeware program to show an interesting information about medieval and mythological holidays, celebrations and festivals.
New! World Congress of Ethnic Religions
New! Ethic tradition: Bibliography for further reading
Encyclopedia Mythica
Myths and Legends
Sacred Serpent, An E-zine of the Baltic Traditions, Romuva/Canada
The Lithuanian site of study of Bible
New! Resources for Studying Mythology and Religion
New! History of Astronomy: Items: Astrology, Mythology, Religion, etc.
Neo-Paganism in Central-Eastern Europe Western Asia, Northern Asia, Eastern Europe Mythological Characters Included here are: Russians, Serbs, Croats, Bulgarians, Rumanians, Slovacs, Poles, Hungarians, Letts, Lithuanians, Mongolians, Siberians, etc.
New! Scandinavian and Eastern European Mythology
Kitchen-Witch Society of Toronto: Eastern European Women's Group
Lady Okana - Polish Paganism and Cultural Traditions
Slavic Paganism & Witchcraft
RUNVira - Ukrainian Paganism
Dievturiba (Canada Chapter of the Latvian Indigenous Religion)
The Institute of the Estonian Language & Estonian Folklore Archives
New! The Latvian Connection to the Languages and Cultures of Antiquity Latvian - the Language Tool of Choice?
 

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http://www.lithuanian.net/resource/myths.htmcurso do indioma lituano , em portugues marcia srkromovas
http://www.lithuanian.net/resource/myths.htmPlease, let me know what is my surname "Milkus" mean ? Simon Milkus
birdhouseit is a cool lithuania sight chris
Swastika in UkraineHistory of Swastika image in Ukraine, since Pre-hisoric times, Middle ages util the 19th and 20th centuries. Askold
cvxbxcvb bcn
Traditionalistic resource "Sviataja Dubrova"Belarusian traditionalistic pro-Baltic library and forum. In Belarusian language. Kails!! Mikus
QuestionI cannot find the link about Krakus and Wanda... Arnold
Page describing IN LITHUANIAN WOOD by Wendell Mayo--short stories influenced by Lithuanian mythology, folklore, and contemporary life in the Baltic country."Mayo has an eye for the small details, the ironies of custom and tradition... Such richly diverse stories suggest a powerful merging of history and folklore with everyday life...In Lithuanian Wood contains many striking, poetic moments." -The Los Angeles Times wendell mayo
Lietuvos Romuva 600 years was only blood, tears, but this aggression stops. Paganism in Lithuania is alive!Jonas
The Historical Grammar of the Lithuanian language Everything on historical phonetics and morphology of Lithuanian, including sound samples.Cyril Babaev
Old Latvian Paganism and Mythology Welcome to Old Latvia! The only English site dedicated to Old Latvia, "Latvian Pantheism" explores the various deities, festivals, customs, and runic symbols of this nation's beautiful traditional culture. Learn and enjoy! Kristaps Dzonsons
Book about Lithuania A new novel by a Lithuanian-Candaian that contains some very interesting references to recent Lithuanian war history.Antanas
ThoughtDanute is a girl. It means Donna. I don't know of any boy's named Danute.
Why are you doing this?Hello; I am an American of lithuanian ancestry. Why are you putting so much work into Paganism? Why would any Lithuanian be proud that they were foolish enough to have been the last European country to adopt Catholicism ?chuck kiezulas
 Do you Have baltic Fonts for Mac users? I cannot use Zipit SoftwareGisela Andres
Lietuviskos sakmes/Lithuanian talesGreat collection of good old Lithuanian tales... Monika Kuzminskaite
American Annex to the All-Russian Federationa non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation and communication of native Russian cultural traditions and folklore in America. Scott Sonnon

 

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